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Speech and Language Skills Your Child Should be Doing by Kindergarten

According to the American Speech-Language Hearing Association, "By the end of kindergarten, your child should be able to do the following tasks in each area.


  • Follow 1–2 simple directions in a row.

  • Listen to and understand stories.

  • Follow a simple conversation


  • Speak clearly enough so that most people understand what he says.

  • Answer simple yes/no questions. Answer questions like, "What did you have for lunch today?"

  • Retell a story or talk about something he did.

  • Take turns talking and keep a conversation going.Show interest in and start conversations.


  • Know how a book works. For example, we read from left to right and top to bottom in English.

  • Understand that sounds make up words.

  • Pick out words that rhyme, like cat and hat.

  • Tell you the first sound in words, like mmmm for milk.

  • Says the sounds for some letters, like buh for B.

  • Identify upper- and lowercase letters.Recognize some words by sight.

  • "Read" a few picture books from memory.

  • Pretend to read by talking about pictures in a book.


  • Print her first name.

  • Draw a picture that tells a story. Write about the picture. Your child may write a letter or word to stand for a whole sentence or idea.

  • Write upper- and lowercase letters. They may not be clear or neat.

  • Write or type letters in no set order, like Mu zEos lx."

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Your Child's Communication: Kindergarten. (n.d.). Retrieved from

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